Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
MORELLI, Sandra et al. Picture archiving and communication systems in digital cytology. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.2, pp. 130-137. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_10_02_05.
The paper describes a fundamental feature of digital cytology relevant to the implementation of the technology in the hospital net services: the electronic recording of the virtual slides (VS) in the hospital information system (HIS) through a picture archiving and communication system (PACS). Starting from the digital cytology (D-CYT) state of art and considering the most important products in the field, particular attention has been devoted in this review to the comparison with the digital radiology (D-RAD). Two main indications emerged from the study: 1. there is not a standard in the digital files relevant to the virtual slides in D-CYT, while in D-RAD the standard digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM), introduced by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), has been adopted from several years; 2. the PACS in D-CYT are not standardized from manufacturers. The study makes a proposal of a useful software architecture to improve the PACS integration for D-CYT applications, with potentialities in the HIS.
Keywords : telemedicine; digital cytology; tele-pathology.