Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
BOCCA, Beatrice; MATTEI, Daniela; PINO, Anna and ALIMONTI, Alessandro. Italian network for human biomonitoring of metals: preliminary results from two regions. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.3, pp. 259-265. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-25712010000300006.
The Italian program for human biomonitoring (HBM) of chemical elements, PROgram for Biomonitoring of the Exposure (PROBE), started in 2008 with the aim to provide the knowledge about risk assessment of the Italian population following the environmental exposure to metals. The project is implemented through a HBM campaign for the production of data on 19 metals in the blood and serum of subjects living in different Italian Regions. The metals studied are: antimony, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, iridium, lead, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, palladium, platinum, rhodium, thallium, tin, tungsten, uranium and vanadium. The first phase of the project has included the development and validation of laboratory protocols for the collection of fluids and quantification of metals. The second phase provides the HBM data expressed as the reference values (RVs) for the Italian population, i.e., as the level of metals in the general population not occupationally exposed. In this paper, the experimental protocols used for the maintenance of high standards of analysis and the RVs for metals in serum of inhabitants of two Italian Regions (Calabria and Umbria) are described.
Keywords : biological monitoring; reference values; metals; serum; population.