Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
MANCINI, Laura et al. Multi-criteria approach for the environmental impact assessment of inland aquaculture. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.3, pp.317-322. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0021-25712010000300016.
Trout farming, that represents the most important sector for aquaculture inland production in Italy, can cause negative effects on aquatic ecosystems. Recently, in the framework of Water Frame Directive 2000/60/EC and national law DL 152/2006, concerning the sustainable uses of water resources, multi-criteria approaches have been suggested to evaluate the impact of fish farming on aquatic ecosystems. In this study trout farms of central Italy were selected to investigate the effects of their effluents, on receiving water bodies using a multi-criteria approach based on physicochemical parameters, microbiological and macrobenthonic indicators, detected in sampling stations located upstream/downstream the trout farm. Moreover, antibiotic susceptibility against antibiotics allowed and/or forbidden by current law (D.lgs 193/56/06) was tested on E. coli strains. The results indicate variations of chemical parameters and biological indicators from upstream to downstream sites in some of the investigated farms. Antibiotic resistance of E. coli strains suggested a large use of tetracycline and a possible past use of chloramphenicol. This study represents a first contribute to the knowledge of fish farm impacts on aquatic systems in Central Italy.
Keywords : inland aquaculture; multi-criteria approach; Water Frame Directive, 2000/60/CE; biological indicators.