Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
DAVANZO, Franca et al. A case of contact dermatitis to dimethylfumarate in shoes identified in Italy. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2010, vol.46, n.4, pp. 366-369. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_10_04_04.
The present paper describes a case of shoe contact dermatitis from DMF identified by the Poison Control Centre of Milan (PCCM), Italy, in 2009. A 35 year old woman was affected by irritant reactions while wearing shoes contaminated with DMF. Exposure to these shoes was limited to a 8 hour period and was not repeated. In the following days the patient suffered feet blistering and swelling limited to the area in contact with shoe vamp. Topical application of cortisone did not prevent development of bullous eczema. After 20 days from exposure, the lesions were healed but the skin remained red, dry and very sensitive. Chemical analyses of shoes quantified an average concentration of DMF of 383 mg/kg. The patient refused to be patch tested. The observation here reported confirm that DMF should be considered a possible causal agent in shoe contact dermatitis. Documentation of cases exposed to this chemical provide a relevant support to characterize clinical manifestations and to identifying contaminated articles.
Keywords : dimethylfumarate; contact dermatitis; shoes.