Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
SINIBALDI, Raffaele et al. A new software for dimensional measurements in 3D endodontic root canal instrumentation . Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.1, pp. 42-48. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_12_01_07.
The main issue to be faced to get size estimates of 3D modification of the dental canal after endodontic treatment is the co-registration of the image stacks obtained through micro computed tomography (micro-CT) scans before and after treatment. Here quantitative analysis of micro-CT images have been performed by means of new dedicated software targeted to the analysis of root canal after endodontic instrumentation. This software analytically calculates the best superposition between the pre and post structures using the inertia tensor of the tooth. This strategy avoid minimization procedures, which can be user dependent, and time consuming. Once the co-registration have been achieved dimensional measurements have then been performed by contemporary evaluation of quantitative parameters over the two superimposed stacks of micro-CT images. The software automatically calculated the changes of volume, surface and symmetry axes in 3D occurring after the instrumentation. The calculation is based on direct comparison of the canal and canal branches selected by the user on the pre treatment image stack.
Keywords : microtomography; endodontic root canal instrumentation; digital imaging analysis.