Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
VOSLAřVA, Eva and PASSANTINO, Annamaria. Stray dog and cat laws and enforcement in Czech Republic and in Italy. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.1, pp. 97-104. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_12_01_16.
The growing numbers of stray dogs and cats have posed serious public-health, socioeconomic, political and animal-welfare problems in many EU countries. Stray animal population control is a complex issue and there are no easy solutions. Recognising the importance of the issue the European Commission has, since 2007, actively contributed to the elaboration of the first global welfare standards for the control of dog populations in the framework of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Problem-solving approaches vary in different countries as there is no common European Community legislation dealing with stray animal control. In this paper the authors describe the characteristics of the stray dog and cat problem in general and focus on existing European legislation. A comparative overview of policies and measures in place in the Czech Republic and in Italy is made to observe the differences between the two countries and understand the different needs in each, considering their historical and social differences (i.e. a post-communist eastern country vs a western country and founder member of what is now the European Union).
Keywords : stray dog; stray cat; control; legislation; Italy; Czech Republic.