Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
CENSI, Federica et al. Quantification of not-dipolar components of atrial depolarization by principal component analysis of the P-wave. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.2, pp.125-131. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_12_02_04.
BACKGROUND: Principal component analysis (PCA) of the T-wave has been demonstrated to quantify the dipolar and not-dipolar components of the ventricular activation, the latter reflecting repolarization heterogeneity. Accordingly, the PCA of the P-wave could help in analyzing the heterogeneous propagation of sinus impulses in the atria, which seems to predispose to fibrillation. AIM: The aim of this study is to perform the PCA of the P-wave in patients prone to atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: PCA is performed on P-waves extracted by averaging technique from ECG recordings acquired using a 32-lead mapping system (2048 Hz, 24 bit, 0-400 Hz bandwidth). We extracted PCA parameters related to the dipolar and not dipolar components of the P-wave using the first 3 eigenvalues and the cumulative percent of variance explained by the first 3 PCs (explained variance EV). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We found that the EV associated to the low risk patients is higher than that associated to the high risk patients, and that, correspondingly, the first eigenvalue is significantly lower while the second one is significantly higher in the high risk patients respect to the low risk group. Factor loadings showed that on average all leads contribute to the first principal component.
Keywords : principal component analysis; atrial fibrillation; P-wave; not dipolar components.