Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
FAUCI, Alice Josephine; BONCIANI, Manila and GUERRA, Raniero. Quality of life, vulnerability and resilience: a qualitative study of the tsunami impact on the affected population of Sri Lanka. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.2, pp.177-188. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_12_02_11.
AIM: This qualitative study is aimed at analysing the impact of the 2004 tsunami on the Quality of Life of the Sri Lankan population. It focused on the factors that have contributed to an increase in the people's susceptibility to the impact of hazards - their vulnerability - as well as of the natural ability to cope of the populations affected - their resilience. METHODOLOGY: The study is based on the conduction of 10 Focus Group discussions and 18 In-depth Interviews, then analysed through a qualitative analysis software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The analysis shows that each factor involved in the interplay among the different processes that produced the changes in the affected people's quality of life is at the same time a damaged asset, a vulnerability factor and a resource to draw upon for coping. The complexity of this situation opens further speculation as to how disasters and relief interventions influence relationships and dynamics in society. This should thus be further investigated, together with the effects of individual and group trauma on society.
Keywords : quality of life; vulnerability; resilience; qualitative research; disasters.