Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Print version ISSN 0021-2571
GIAMMARIOLI, Anna Maria et al. Integrating gender medicine into the workplace health and safety policy in the scientific research institutions: a mandatory task. Ann. Ist. Super. Sanità [online]. 2012, vol.48, n.3, pp.311-318. ISSN 0021-2571. http://dx.doi.org/10.4415/ANN_12_03_12.
BACKGROUND: Gender medicine is a multi-faceted field of investigation integrating various aspects of psycho-social and biological sciences but it mainly deals with the impact of the gender on human physiology, pathophysiology, and clinical features of diseases. In Italy, the Decree Law 81/2008 recently introduced the gender issue in the risk assessment at the workplaces. AIMS: This review briefly describes our current knowledge on gender medicine and on the Italian legislation in risk management. CONCLUSIONS: Public or private scientific institutions should be the first to pay attention to the safety of their workers, who are simultaneously subjected to biological, chemical and physical agents. Main tasks of risk management in scientific research institutions are here analyzed and discussed in a gender perspective.
Keywords : gender medicine; risk management; occupational exposures; communicable diseases; non communicable diseases; Italian law; scientific institutions.