Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
CANDEIAS, J. A. N.; BARUZZI, R. G.; PRIPAS, S. and LUNES, M.. Prevalence of antibodies to the BK and JC papovaviruses in isolated populations. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1977, vol.11, n.4, pp. 510-514. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101977000400008.
A total of 173 sera from isolated Brazilian Indian populations, 39 from the Diauarun area, and 68 from the Alto Xingú area, respectively in the North and the South of the Xingú National Park and 66 Kren-Akorore Indians, were examined for hemagglutination - inhibiting (HI) antibodies against BK and JC viruses. The global percentages of positive sera (> 1:40) were 5.2% for BK virus and 1.7% for JC virus. The distribution of positive sera according to the population groups showed one individual to be positive for BK virus in the Diauarun Indians and none of the sera contained HI antibody to JC virus; in the Alto Xingú Indians, 4 were positive for BK virus and 3 others were positive for JC virus; as regards Kren-Akorore Indians none of the sera contained antibody to JC virus, and only 4 were BK positive. Due to the limited number of observations it was neither possible to determine the time of occurrence of seroconversion nor correlate the positivity rates for both viruses in the different tribes with the respective "contact" with the white population.
Keywords : Antibodies; Papovavirus; Polyoma virus; Indians, Brazil.