Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
IVERSSON, Lygia Busch. Aspects of the encephalitis epidemic caused by arbovirus in the Ribeira Valley, S. Paulo, Brazil, during 1975-1978. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1980, vol.14, n.1, pp. 9-35. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101980000100002.
In 1975, 1976, and 1977, arbovirus caused an encephalitis epidemic in the Ribeira Valley in the state of S. Paulo. The epidemic would peak when the temperature and pluvial levels were higher. From 1978 on the disease maintained low levels within a presumed endemic zone. The epidemic had swept from east to west and from east to southwest in a wave toward the neighboring coastal region. The mountain chain to the north and northwest acted as a barrier. It was only logical natural that the hypothesis that the etiological agent, arbovirus Rocio may have recently infected the human population be considered. Mosquitos must have transmitted the infection from birds and small mammals in nearby forests. Probable forms of transmission of arboviroses in the home are also discussed in this article as well as the fact that population groups that presented the worst forms of the disease were the very young, and the very old and those living in the worst conditions. The epidemiological perspective of the arboviroses is that it persists in this area because the area presents excellent conditions for the development of the etiological agent - reservoirs and biological vectors, with a continuous supply of susceptible people, migrants or tourists.
Keywords : Encephalitis, epidemic [S. Paulo, Brazil]; Arboviruses [epidemiology]; Diseases outbreaks.