Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
BARROS, Gelcilio Coutinho et al. A focus of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in Viana and Cariacica counties, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1985, vol.19, n.2, pp. 146-153. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101985000200005.
A mucocutaneous leishmaniasis focus occuring in four village situated in Viana and Cariacica counties, located near the sea-coast of Espírito Santo State, Brazil, is described. Seventy one cases of the disease were diagnosed between May 1978 and December 1982. The laboratorial confirmation was obtained by the Montenegro test in 66 patients and by biopsy in 15. The 0 to 10 year age-group was the most affected. The strains of the parasites isolated from 3 patients and 27 dogs were classified as Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis. Among 257 wild animals captured the Leishmania was isolated in two Proechimys iheringi only, and identified as L. mexicana aristedesi. The most numerous sandfly specimens (Lutzomyia intermedia, L. fischeri and L. migonei) were captured with greater frequency both inside and outside residences. The possibility of the transmission's occuring both inside and outside residences was noteworthy.
Keywords : Leishmaniasis [mucocutaneous occurence]; Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis.