Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
GROSS, Rainer et al. The impact of improvement of water supply and sanitation facilities on diarrhea and intestinal parasites: a Brazilian experience with children in two low-income urban communities. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1989, vol.23, n.3, pp.214-220. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101989000300006.
During the second half of 1986 the impact of the improvement of water supply and excreta disposal facilities on diarrheal diseases and intestinal parasitosis was studied in 254 children up to six years of age from two favelas (shanty towns) of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The estimated incidence of diarrhea was 6.2 episodes/child year and the estimated period prevalence reached 31.0 episode days/ child/ year. The point prevalence of parasitosis was 70.7% (Ascaris lumbricoides: 55.4%, Trichuris trichiura: 19.6%, Giardia lamblia: 17.9%). The estimated prevalence of diarrhea decreased with improvement of water supply and sanitation facilities to 45% and 44% respectively, but no statistically significant impact was observed in the case of parasitosis. School education and weaning practice were found to be other important determinants of diarrhea.
Keywords : Diarrhea [occurrence]; Helminthiasis [occurrence]; Water supply; Sanitation.