Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
LIMA, Eronides da Silva; EUCLYDES, Marilene Pinheiro; CRUZ, Tancredo Almada and CASALI, Albino Dias. Socio-economic conditions, feeding and nutrition of the urban population of the a locality of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1989, vol.23, n.5, pp. 410-421. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101989000500008.
This study aimed at identifying and characterizing the alimentary and nutritional situation of different socio-economic strata of the urban population of Ponte Nova, in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The sample comprised 161 families stratified according to their earnings in terms of the official minimum wage (salário mínimo - SM), classified in 6 stratum. In addition to socio-economic data, the analysis also takes into consideration the nutritional and caloric adequacy of the ingredients of the basic diet as well as the nutritional state of children up to 6 years old, employing the criteria of Gomez and Seoane-Lathan. The results show that 40% of the sample population earn less than 2 SM, while 12% reach and income level above 10 SM. The population considered has only and indirect relation to production and is employed in the services sector. Access to sanitary services is greater for higher income strata, which also feature better living conditions and health resources. The analysis of the basic diet shows that nutritional adequacy increases with increasing income, reaching more adequate levels only in the highest stratum. The level of perception as to what is "sufficient" in terms of diet supports the results of diet adequacy for each stratum. In so far as the nutritional condition of children is concerned it was observed that the prevalence of malnutrition is consistent with socio-economic condition, decreasing within creased earnings and disappearing altogether above the 10 SM range.
Keywords : Nutrition surveys; Socioeconomic factors; Food consumption; Nutritional requirements.