Services on Demand
Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787Print version ISSN 0034-8910
MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto; FREITAS, Isabel Cristina Martins de and BARATHO, Regina Maria. Health, nutrition and social class: the empirical link demonstrated. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1989, vol.23, n.5, pp.422-428. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101989000500009.
The relationship between social class and nutritional status, although frequently presumed true, has scarcely ever been studied empirically. The health and nutritional status of a sample of children from different social classes in the city of S. Paulo (Brazil) are studied by means of an on operational classification of social class. Through the analysis of the height for age distribution normal growth - and, therefore, favourable health status - eas found only among the burgeoisie and the small-burgeoisie, these two classes together constituting about 30% of the total population. Significant divergences from an expected anthropometric standard were found among all the segments of the working-class population. Differences in income and schooling among the classes corroborate the empirical link found between social class and health and nutritional status.
Keywords : Child health; Nutritional status; Social class; Anthropometry.