Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
LOLIO, Cecília Amaro de and LATORRE, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira. Prevalence of obesity in a County town of S. Paulo State, Brazil, 1987. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1991, vol.25, n.1, pp. 33-36. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101991000100007.
The prevalence of obesity in Araraquara, a county of 150,000 inhabitants situated 250 km from S. Paulo, Brazil was studied. The study population, of 18-74 yrs. of age, resident in the urban area in 1987, was composed of 1,126 inhabitants, 502 males and 624 females, selected through a cluster equiprobabilistic sampling process. The prevalence of overweight (Quetelet 25-29.9 Kg/m²) was 26.9% for males and 27.7% for females. The prevalence of obesity (Quetelet equal or greater than 30.0 kg/m²) was 10.2% for males and 14.7% for females. These percentages are high when compared with those of affluent Anglo-saxon countries. The reasons for this phenomenon are discussed in the light of the fact that the economy of the city is affluent and is dependent on agroindústrial activities. When own cut-off criteria (P85 and P95 for Quetelet for 20-29 yrs of age, for each sex) are calculated, the "lean pattern" for Araraquara County is leaner than that for the a United States population. This raises doubts as to the possibility of applying cut-off criteria of particular regions to regions of different characteristics.
Keywords : Obesity [epidemiology]; Body weight.