Revista de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0034-8910
TEODORO, Ueslei et al. American cutaneous leishmaniasis: phlebotominae of the area of transmission in the North of Parana, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1991, vol.25, n.2, pp. 129-133. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101991000200007.
Most of the cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis diagnosed in the laboratory of the State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil, are related to areas of northern Paraná State, which have been settled since 40 years age, when the destructions of vast areas of forest in this region was begun. The native vegetation, already, in large part, destroyed is constituted of dense forest of the type found in the transition from tropical to subtropical regions. The landscape is constituted of plateau with a climate of transition from tropical to subtropical and annual mean temperatures of 20°C to 22°C, the mean of the hottest month being superior to 22°C. The native forests are represented by small, sparse patches of vegetation, with some modification in the basins of the rivers Ivaí, Paranapanema and Paraná and their tributaries. In this environment 24 captures of phlebotomines were made - 2 per month from October 1986 to September 1987, between 6 P.M. and 1 A.M. The captures with Shannon trap were made in the outlying forest of Palmital farm. The majority of the 16,496 phlebotomines were classified into 13 species. Lutzomyia whitmani was predominant with 11,188 (67.82%) specimens, followed by Lutzomyia intermedia with 2,900 (17.58%) and Lutzomyia migonei with 1,481 (9.03%). Lutzomyia whitmani and Lutzomyia intermedia have been manifesting great capacity of adaptation in modified environments, where they have played a significant role in transmission of leishmaniasis.
Palabras llave : Psychodidae; Leishmaniasis mucocutaneous [epidemiology]; Ecology, vectors.