Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787Print version ISSN 0034-8910
PINTO, Fábio Gonçalves and CURI, Paulo Roberto. Mortality from neoplasms in Brazil (1980/1983/1985): grouping by State, behaviors and tendencies. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1991, vol.25, n.4, pp.276-281. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101991000400006.
Mortality caused by neoplasms in Brazil was examined by means of official Ministry of Health data covering 26 of the Federal Units and 13 different tumoral sites and referring to the years 1980,1983 and 1985. Both cluster analyses and those of principal components have shown heterogenous behaviour as between the different regions of the country in relation to the 13 variants studied. The main discriminatory elements are the trachea/bronchus/lung malign neoplasms followed by those of stomach, pancreas, colon and larynx. Complementary analyses have demonstrated a tendency to an increase in the mortality rate due to prostate malign neoplasms (17.74%), followed by those of trachea/bronchus/lung (15.22%), breast (11.32%), pancreas (10.23%), colon (8.08%), uterine colon (6.45%) and larynx (6.36). There has been a decrease of the mortality due to benign neoplasms/carcinoma "in situ "/others (27.37%), malign rectus neoplasms of the sigmoide/anus (7.67%), stomach (5.31%), of other non-specific locations in the uterus (2.56%), of leukaemia (0.70%) and malign neoplasms of the oesophagus (0.44%). Maling neoplasms of the stomach have been the main cause of cancer mortality in Brazil accounting for 21.27% of the mean total, followed by of the malign neoplasms trachea/bronchus/lung (17.52% of the general average). The mortality rates by esophageal malign neoplasms in Rio Grande do Sul is stressed.
Keywords : Neoplasms [mortality]; Residence characteristics.