Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
VERAS, Renato P.. Brazil is getting older: demographic changes and epidemiological challenges. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1991, vol.25, n.6, pp. 476-488. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101991000600010.
Population ageing is currently a phenomenon not only in developed countries but also in third world countries. In this paper the features of a population's ageing and the process of epidemiological transition are discussed along with the worldwide changes in age-structure. Population statistics in Brazil and the characteristics of the elderly population are presented and analysed in the light of recent changes. The Brazilian elderly population is also discussed, particularly the issues relating to the social cost of the aged population, its urban and rural distribution, the elderly by sex, marital status and level of schooling, and emphasis is given to the imbalance of the sexes and the consequences of it for women.
Keywords : Demographic aging; Demographic transition; Aged.