Revista de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0034-8910
ALVAREZ, Maria de la Luz y WURGAFT, Fanny. Health and poverty: health management by the woman. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1992, vol.26, n.2, pp. 82-87. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101992000200004.
The goal this follow-up study was to relate the mother's marital satisfaction to family health status in a low SES. The random sample was made up of 30 families with children under 7 years old: 15 considered as sick (Group A) and 15 as healthy (Group B). Both group had similar demographic characteristics (age of father and mother, persons per family group and age of children) and SES. Results showed that mothers were those mainly in charge of their family groups. Mothers of Group A were significantly less understanding and more dissatisfied than those of Group B ( p < .05 and p < .01). Mothers of Group A had significantly more arguments with their partners than those of Group B (p < .006). Health care was learned less from the child's own mother in group A than in B (p < .05). Health was considered by mothers of Group A as something that "must be taken care of" more than by those of Group B (p < .01). The behaviours of mothers in choosing one of the health systems was similar in both groups. Dissatisfied mothers were associated more with sick family members during the 6 month follow-up. It is suggested that the satisfaction of the mother is a factor that needs further investigation because health is managed by mothers is the large majority of families.
Palabras llave : Mothers; Personal satisfaction; Family health; Poverty.