Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
PASSOS, Afonso D. C. et al. Influence of migration on prevalence of serological hepatitis B markers in a rural community: 1- Analysis of prevalence by birthplace. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1993, vol.27, n.1, pp. 30-35. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101993000100005.
Distribution of hepatitis B serological markers according to people's birthplaces and area of residence (urban/rural) was studied as a part of a field epidemiological research project carried out in Cássia dos Coqueiros, a small rural community of S. Paulo State, Brazil. The total prevalence of HBV markers was 7.7%, with rural showing a higher risk than urban inhabitants (9.8% as against 4.9%, respectively). Analysis of prevalence according to people's birthplaces revealed the highest value among those from other Brazilian states (15.8%), followed by people from other municipalities of the State of S. Paulo (9.2%). Those born in Cássia dos Coqueiros and particularly in Ribeirão Preto (the main city of the area, located 80 kilometers away), showed the lowest values of prevalence (5.2% and 2.5%, respectively). The importance of studying people's birthplaces when field epidemiological studies on hepatitis B are carried out is stressed. This variable is considered to be capable of exercising an influence on the natural history of the disease in a community, and may even explain differences in the distribution of markers in apparently similar populations.
Keywords : Hepatitis B [epidemiology]; Internal migration; Residence characteristics.