Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
MONTADA DORTA, Domingo; VASUKI, V. and RAJAVEL, A.. Evaluation of organophosphorus and synthetic pyrethroid insecticides against six vector mosquitoe species. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1993, vol.27, n.6, pp. 391-397. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101993000600001.
Three organophosphorus compounds- malathion, folithion and temephos- and two synthetic pyrethroids- alphamethrin and deltamethrin- were used for monitoring the susceptibility status of larvae and adults of six vector mosquitoe species: Culex quinquefasciatus (Filariasis) and Aedes albopictus (Dengue) (both laboratory and field strains); laboratory strains of Aedes aegypti (Dengue), Anopheles slephensi and Anopheles culicifacies (Malaria), and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Japanese encephalitis) in India. From the LC50 values obtained for these insecticides, it was found that all mosquito species including the field strains of Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. albopictus were highly susceptible Except for Cx. quinquefasciatus (field strain) against malathion, 100% mortality was observed at the discriminating dosages recommended by World Health Organization. The residual effect of alphamethrin, deltamethrin, malathion and folithion at 25 mg (ai)/m2 on different surfaces against six species of vector mosquitoes showed that alphamethrin was the most effective on all four treated surfaces (mud, plywood, cement and thatch). Nevertheless, residual efficacy lasted longer on thatch than on the other surfaces. Therefore, synthetic pyrethroids such as alphamethrin can be effectively employed in integrated vector control operations.
Keywords : Mosquito control [methods]; Insecticides [toxicity]; Insect vectors.