Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
GRUMACH, Anete S.; JERONIMO, Solange E.I.; HAGE, Marcia and CARNEIRO-SAMPAIO, Magda M.S.. Nutritional factors in milk from Brazilian mothers delivering small for gestational age neonates. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1993, vol.27, n.6, pp. 455-462. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101993000600008.
The composition of breast milk from brazilian mothers delivering low birthweight infants and its adequacy as a source of nutrients for this group has not yet been fully elucidated. A total of 209 milk samples from 66 women were analysed. The mothers were divided into three groups: G1, mothers delivering term babies of low birthweight (TSGA, n=16); G2, mothers delivering preterm babies of appropriate birthweight (PTAGA, n=20); G3, mothers delivering term babies of appropriate birthweight (TAGA, n=30). The following factors were analysed: osmolarity, total proteins and protein fractions, creamatocrit, sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Milk samples were collected 48 h and 7, 15, 30 and 60 days after delivery. The groups did not differ significantly in terms of osmolarity, total proteins and fractions, creamatocrit, calcium, magnesium or potassium throughout the study period. Sodium levels were higher in all samples from mothers of TSGA infants and in samples from mothers of PTAGA infants on the 7th, 15th and 30th days than in milk from the TAGA group. The authors consider the needs of the low birthweight and TAGA infants and that these high sodium levels may be necessary for growth of low birthweight infants.
Keywords : Milk, human [physiology]; Infant, low birth-weight; Infant nutrition.