Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
FORATTINI, Oswaldo Paulo. Culicidae mosquitoes as emerging vectors of diseases. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1998, vol.32, n.6, pp. 497-502. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101998000600001.
A review is presented of the relationships between the so-called emerging infectious diseases and what may be defined as emerging vectors. These include not only those that have recently appeared but also those that present remarkable behavioral changes. Specific factors leading to that emergence can be associated with the powerful human influence on the environment. So the man-made, i.e. anthropic environment, exercises a selective pressure inducing vector populations to adapt to new circumstances. These may arise from ecological, environmental, or demographic factors that increase contact with the new vector. With this in mind, data on anomalous Culicidae breeding places in the Americas are reported. An interpretation of these findings is offered in the light of epidemiological surveillance. The question is whether vector emergence or re-emergence may constitute an epidemiological problem. Thus it is suggested that plane for all inclusive surveillance be prepared.
Keywords : Communicable diseases; Insect vectors; Ecology [vectors]; Culicidae; Insect vectors.