Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
MARCONDES, Carlos B.; LOZOVEI, Ana L. and GALATI, Eunice A. B.. Regional and interspecific variations in the morphology of insects of the Lutzomyia intermedia complex (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae). Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1998, vol.32, n.6, pp. 519-525. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101998000600004.
INTRODUCTION: Lutzomyia intermedia s. s. and L. neivai, usually considered as belonging to just one species, constitute a complex of species. The measurements of several anatomical structures of specimens of both groups, from Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Bolivia were analysed. METHOD: Thirty-nine structures were measured in specimens of both sexes, using a graduated ocular, analysing comparisons by analyses of variance (ANOVA). RESULTS: A significant deviation in the proportions of females and males showing each palpal formula and the influence of the region of origin of the flies were verified. Labrum and maxilary palps were longer in females and Antennomere III was longer of males. Several significant differences in the measurements of wings were noted, most of them greater in females. The proportion of spermathecae with simple heads was significantly greater in L. neivai than in L. intermedia. Significant differences in the length of genital pump and filaments between the species were also noted. DISCUSSION: The variation in the palpal formulae in both sexes show the risk of the use of this formula for the association between specimens of the two sexes. The differences in the lengths of palps and labrum between the sexes could be related to female blood feeding. The possible biological significance of the sexual differential relation length/width of wings is commented on. The different proportions of females of the two species with each spermathecae head shape may help in identification. The differences in the lengths of genital pumps and filaments and the relation between them could help in the identification of males, which is still difficult.
Keywords : Psychodidae [anatomy]; Leishmaniasis [mucacutaneous]; Morphometry.