Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
GARCIA, Rita C. M.; VASCONCELLOS, Silvio A .; SAKAMOTO, Sidnei M. and LOPEZ, André C.. Analysis of human anti rabic post exposure treatment in an urban region of Southeastern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1999, vol.33, n.3, pp. 295-301. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101999000300011.
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of human beings with risk of exposure to rabies virus infection still presents some cases of undesirable post treatment reactions. The knowledge resulting from the regular analysis of the epidemiological features associated with these practices would minimize the occurrence of these troubles. METHODS: The records of the treatment of 8,758 human anti-rabies cases performed in Osasco City, S. Paulo, Brazil between 1984 and 1994 with Fuenzalida & Palacios vaccine and/or anti-rabies serum produced in equines were analysed by Epi Info program. RESULTS: It was found that the higher risk of exposure was for male children of from five to nine years of age. The most frequent scene of aggression was the victim's own house. Dogs were responsible for most of the accidents (62.8%); the majority of dogs and cats involved had not been immunized against rabies (51.0% of dogs and 73.2% of cats). Most people aged nine or under were attacked in the head (36.6%), followed by the upper limbs (35.1%); above this age the part of the body most frequently hurt was the upper (45.8%) and lower limbs (43.7%); 26.5% of patients had already been vaccinated against rabies at least once in their lifetime; 90.7% of them sought medical care within five days, anti-rabies treatment was prescribed for 41.9% of them. CONCLUSIONS: Post vaccinal reactions were observed in 0.25% of the patients 0.3% of which were of neurological; 80.1% of the dogs and 58.4% of the cats involved coere kept under observation. The months of March, July, August and September presented the highest aggression rates.
Keywords : Rabies [therapy]; Rabies virus [imunology].