Revista de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0034-8910
FERREIRA, Marcelo Urbano; FERREIRA, Claudio dos Santos y MONTEIRO, Carlos Augusto. Secular trends in child intestinal parasitic diseases in S. Paulo city, Brazil (1984-1996). Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2000, vol.34, n.6, suppl., pp. 73-82. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102000000700010.
OBJECTIVE: Data from two consecutive household surveys undertaken in mid-80s and mid-90s allow to characterize and analyse secular trends in infant and child intestinal parasitic diseases in the city of S. Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The two surveys included random population samples aged from zero to 59 months (1,016 in the period of 1984-85 and 1,280 in 1995-96). Stool samples were collected in both surveys and examined by sedimentation techniques using both unstained and Lugol-stained preparations. For each survey, the study of the social distribution of the parasitic diseases took into account tertiles of the per capita family income. For the study of the determinants of secular trends, hierarchical causal models, multivariate regression analyses and calculations analogous to the ones used to assess population attributable risks were applied. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: In the time span from the first to the second survey, there was a substantial reduction in the prevalence of all parasites (from 30.9% to 10.7%), helminthes in general (from 22.3% to 4.8%), giardiasis (from 14.5% to 5.5%) and two or more species of parasites (from 13.1% to 0.5%). A significant decline in prevalence was observed in all social strata and the inverse association between income and intestinal parasites was kept unchanged in the period. Positive changes in distal (family income and maternal schooling) and intermediate determinants (housing, sanitation, and access to health care) of helminthic disease could substantially explain part of its decline in the period. The decline in giardiasis was attributed to improvement in maternal schooling, housing and sanitation. The duplication in the attendance rate to day care nurseries may have restricted the decline rate in the giardiasis prevalence in the study period.
Palabras llave : Intestinal diseases [parasitic]; Intestinal diseases [epidemiology]; Helminthiasis [epidemiology]; Giardiasis [epidemiology]; Health surveys; Socioeconomic factors; Time series; Cross-sectional studies; Child.