Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
FORTES, Paulo Antonio de Carvalho; ZOBOLI, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone and SPINETTI, Simone Ribeiro. Social criteria for selecting patients in emergency services. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2001, vol.35, n.5, pp. 451-455. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102001000500007.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the social first-year and senior undergraduate students of a healthcare management course used for selecting patients who need emergency medical care. METHODS: A random sample of 64 first-year and 25 senior year students of a healthcare management course in São Paulo, Brazil, were studied. To collect data, a survey instrument was developed with nine hypothetical simulated case scenarios, including the social criteria involved in the patient selection process, such as age, sex, economical status, life-style, and social duty. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the two groups concerning criteria such as the patient's life-style and economic status. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that the respondents accept the inclusion of social criteria in the decision-making process in a situation of scarce resources.
Keywords : Patient selection; Emergency medical services; Bioethics; Ethics, institutional; Health services research; Helth care rationing.