Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
AQUINO, Rita de Cássia de and PHILIPPI, Sonia Tucunduva. Association of children's consumption of processed foods and family income in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2002, vol.36, n.6, pp. 655-660. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102002000700001.
OBJECTIVE: To describe children's consumption of processed foods and its relationship with per capita family income based on a household survey. METHODS: Food consumption was studied in a statistical sample of 718 children living in the city of São Paulo in the period 1995-1996. A 24-hour dietary recall was used. Data regarding the association of children's consumption of 24 processed foods and per capita family income (arranged in quartiles) was analyzed. RESULTS: Consumption of sugar was higher among children of low income families whereas the consumption of chocolate powder, chocolate, yogurt, infant formula and soft drinks was higher among children of high income families (p< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It seems that per capita family income affects the consumption of some processed foods.
Keywords : Infant nutrition; Food consumption; Infant food [utilization]; Diet surveys; Socioeconomic factors; Questionnaires; Processed foods.