Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
SANTANA, Vilma S et al. Housemaids and non-fatal occupational injuries. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.37, n.1, pp. 65-74. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102003000100011.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the annual incidence of non-fatal work injuries according to sociodemographic and occupational variables among housemaids. METHODS: A community-based survey was conducted in a population of 1,650 women aged 10 to 65 years who reported a paid occupation randomly selected in a household sample of the city of Salvador, Brazil. Data was collected through individual questionnaires on living and work conditions and health status. Fisher Exact test was performed for frequency analysis. RESULTS: It was estimated an overall annual incidence of non-fatal work injuries in the study population of 5.0%, which was statistically significant (p<0.05) higher among housemaids (7.3%) than in the group with other occupations (4.5%). Half of the injuries among housemaids were not related with long-term disabilities, and 38.1% women referred not being able to work for two weeks on average after the injury. CONCLUSIONS: Housemaids represent a major contingent of the work force in Brazil and other Latin America countries. The high incidence of non-fatal work injuries in this working group reveals its public health relevance and the need for preventive programs.
Keywords : Accidents, occupational; Occupational health; Women, working; Work; Women's health; Housemaids; Gender.