Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
VICO, Eneida S Ramos and LAURENTI, Ruy. Mortality among children enrolled in public day care centers in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.38, n.1, pp. 38-44. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102004000100006.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the mortality pattern among children enrolled in public day care centers. METHODS: This was a descriptive study of the mortality pattern among children aged from 0 to 6 years and 11 months who were enrolled in all the public day care centers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1995 to 1999. The variables of interest were sex, age, underlying cause of death, duration of day care attendance and seasonality. RESULTS: The average mortality rate for the period was 36.4 per 100,000 children. Of the total number of deaths, 32.7% were among children under 1 year old and 78.4% under 3 years old. The deaths of 54.2% of these children occurred before completing six months in the day care center, with a concentration of 36.3% during the first three months. The majority of the deaths occurred during the winter and autumn seasons: 31.8% and 29.6%, respectively. The main underlying causes of death were infections: pneumonia (29.6%), meningococcal disease (13.0%), non-meningococcal meningitis (8.5%), gastroenteritis (7.6%) and chickenpox (5.4%). External causes were responsible for 13.5% of the deaths and included falls, being run over, drowning, burns and physical aggression. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated that younger children (0-3 years) were the most vulnerable group and that the majority of deaths derived from avoidable causes, some of which preventable by vaccination nowadays.
Keywords : Infant mortality; Child day care centers; Underlying cause of death; Mortality rate; Seasonal variations.