Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
MARTINEZ, Maria Carmen; PARAGUAY, Ana Isabel Bruzzi Bezerra and LATORRE, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira. Relationship between psychosocial job satisfaction and health in white collar workers. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.38, n.1, pp. 55-61. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102004000100008.
OBJECTIVE: To identify whether psychosocial satisfaction at work is associated with workers' health and to verify if sociodemographic characteristics have an impact on these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 224 employees of a private managed care and retirement savings company in São Paulo, Brazil. Four self-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic features, job satisfaction, and health (physical, mental, and work ability) were applied. Variables associations were analyzed using t-Student, Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests, Spearman correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: Job satisfaction was associated with duration in the company (p <0.001) and job position (p=0.003), where greater satisfaction was observed among workers with shorter duration in the company and those in managing positions. Job satisfaction was associated with mental health and work ability (vitality: p<0.001; social aspects: p=0.055; emotional aspect: p=0.074; mental health: p<0.001; and work capacity: p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Job satisfaction is associated with workers' health regarding their "mental health" and "work ability", showing the importance of psychosocial factors for their health and well-being. Changes are suggested in work conception and organization to focus psychosocial factors. Longitudinal studies are recommended to investigate the causal direction of these associations.
Keywords : Job satisfaction; Occupational health; Mental health; Work capacity evaluation; Working conditions; Working environment.