Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
CORREA, Paulo Roberto Lopes; FRANCA, Elisabeth and BOGUTCHI, Tânia Fernandes. Aedes aegypti infestation and occurrence of dengue in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.39, n.1, pp. 33-40. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102005000100005.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the proportion of buildings positive for Aedes aegypti larvae measured by means of building infestation rate and dengue incidence rate. METHODS: Autochthonous dengue cases were selected and building infestation rates assessed in the coverage areas of health districts in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from October 1997 to May 2001. After grouping building infestation rates according to their distribution in quartiles, mean dengue incidence rates (for the month following the building infestation assessment) were compared using ANOVA. RESULTS: A weak though statistically significant correlation was observed between monthly dengue incidence and building infestation rates for the health districts (r=0.21; p=0.02) and coverage areas (r=0.14; p=0.00) in the study period. After grouping building infestation rates in quartiles, coverage areas of building infestation between 0.46% and 1.32% (second quartile) showed a mean monthly dengue incidence rate twice as high as areas of building infestation lower or equal to 0.45% (first quartile). Areas of building infestation between 1.33% and 2.76% (third quartile) and equal to or higher than 2.77% had a mean monthly dengue incidence rate five and seven times, respectively, higher than those areas showing 0.45% or less. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the well-known limitations of building infestation rates for estimating vector infestation and prediction of dengue epidemics, the study results indicate that higher building infestation rates were associated to a higher risk of disease transmission in the health districts and coverage areas of Belo Horizonte.
Keywords : Dengue [epidemiology]; Dengue [prevention and control]; Aedes; Epidemiological surveillance; Entomology; Incidence; Aedes aegypti.