Revista de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0034-8910
MENDES, Karina Giane; OLINTO, Maria Teresa Anselmo y COSTA, Juvenal Soares Dias da. Case-control study on infant mortality in Southern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.40, n.2, pp. 240-248. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000200009.
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with infant mortality and, more specifically, with neonatal mortality. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the municipality of Caxias do Sul, Southern Brazil. Characteristics of prenatal care and causes of mortality were assessed for all live births in the 2001-2002 period with a completed live-birth certificate and whose mothers lived in the municipality. Cases were defined as all deaths within the first year of life. As controls, there were selected the two children born immediately after each case in the same hospital, who were of the same sex, and did not die within their first year of life. Multivariate analysis was performed using conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: There was a reduction in infant mortality, the greatest reduction was observed in the post-neonatal period. The variables gestational age (<36 weeks), birth weight (<2,500 g), and 5-minute Apgar (<6) remained in the final model of the multivariate analysis, after adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal conditions comprise almost the totality of neonatal deaths, and the majority of deaths occur at delivery. The challenge for reducing infant mortality rate in the city is to reduce the mortality by perinatal conditions in the neonatal period.
Palabras llave : Infant mortality; Neonatal mortality [public health]; Prenatal care; Risk factors; Parturition; Epidemiology, descriptive.