Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
ARAUJO, Maria de Fátima Moura de; REA, Marina Ferreira; PINHEIRO, Karina Aragão and SCHMITZ, Bethsáida de Abreu Soares. Advances in the Brazilian norm for commercialization of infant foods. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.40, n.3, pp. 513-520. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000300021.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the advances in the Brazilian norm for commercialization of infant foods from 1988 to 2002, comparing the different texts with each other and with the International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes. METHODS: This was a descriptive study based on data collected from documents, reports, ordinances and resolutions from the Brazilian Ministry of Health. The versions utilized in the comparison were from 1992 and 2002. RESULTS: Comparative analysis made it possible to identify important advances in the legislation. In 1992, liquid and powdered milk were included in the scope, along with teats and dummies (pacifiers), and also warning phrases in advertising and on product labeling. In 2002, regulations for products were published by the National Agency for Sanitary Surveillance, thereby strengthening supervisory actions and including regulations for baby foods, nutrient formulae for high-risk newborns, and nipple protectors. The phrases used in commercial advertising and on product labeling, including dummies, teats and bottles, became Ministry of Health warnings. The labeling was defined according to product types, on the basis of more restrictive rules. CONCLUSIONS: Significant modifications in the control over the marketing of products aimed at mothers during the lactation period. However, there are still some legislative questions that would make it possible to improve the Brazilian norm, in order to protect breastfeeding. There is also a need for the government to implement systematic monitoring routines to supervise this legislation.
Keywords : Legislation, food; Breastfeeding; Weaning; Bottle feeding [standards]; Infant food [standards]; Infant formula [legislation & jurisprudence]; Teats [standards].