Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
BASTOS, Francisco Inácio and HACKER, Mariana A. Brazilian biomedical and epidemiological research vis-à-vis the UNGASS targets. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.40, suppl., pp. 31-41. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000800006.
The focus of the present study is the Brazilian response within science, technology and innovation to the targets formulated in the UNGASS document. An analysis was made of items 70-73 of the UNGASS Draft Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001), which defined science, technology and innovation targets relating to HIV/AIDS. The main topics listed in these items were put into operation in the form of keywords, in order to guide systematic searches within the standard biomedicine databases, also including the subdivisions of the Web of Science relating to natural and social sciences. The success of Brazilian research within the field of characterization and isolation of HIV-1 is undeniable. Phase II/III vaccine studies have been developed in Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte and São Paulo. Empirical studies on the monitoring of primary resistance have been developed in specific populations, through the Brazilian HIV Resistance Monitoring Network. Within the field of monitoring secondary resistance, initiatives such as the National Genotyping Network have been highlighted. Two national systems - the Mortality Information System and the Notifiable Diseases Information System (Aids) - and some studies with wider coverage have given rise to work on trends within the epidemic. The production of high-quality generic medications and their free distribution to patients have been highlighted. Brazil has implemented a consistent and diversified response within the field of HIV/AIDS, with studies relating to the development of vaccines, new medications and monitoring of the epidemic.
Keywords : Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [prevention & control]; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [epidemiology]; AIDS vaccines; Technological development [trends]; Biomedical technology [trends]; Drug resistance [viral].