Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
BASTOS, Francisco Inácio and HACKER, Mariana A. Brazilian psychosocial and operational research vis-à-vis the UNGASS targets. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.40, suppl., pp. 42-51. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000800007.
Items from the UNGASS Draft Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS (2001) are analyzed. The Brazilian experience of new methods for testing and counseling among vulnerable populations, preventive methods controlled by women, prevention, psychosocial support for people living with HIV/AIDS, and mother-child transmission, is discussed. These items were put into operation in the form of keywords, in systematic searches within the standard biomedicine databases, also including the subdivisions of the Web of Science relating to natural and social sciences. The Brazilian experience relating to testing and counseling strategies has been consolidated through the utilization of algorithms aimed at estimating incidence rates and identifying recently infected individuals, testing and counseling for pregnant women, and application of quick tests. The introduction of alternative methods and new technologies for collecting data from vulnerable populations has been allowing speedy monitoring of the epidemic. Psychosocial support assessments for people living with HIV/AIDS have gained impetus in Brazil, probably as a result of increased survival and quality of life among these individuals. Substantial advances in controlling mother-child transmission have been observed. This is one of the most important victories within the field of HIV/AIDS in Brazil, but deficiencies in prenatal care still constitute a challenge. With regard to prevention methods for women, Brazil has only shown a shy response. Widespread implementation of new technologies for data gathering and management depends on investments in infrastructure and professional skills acquisition.
Keywords : Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [prevention & control]; Disease transmission, vertical; AIDS serodiagnosis [trends]; Condoms; Condoms [females]; Health education.