Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
PORTELA, Margareth Crisóstomo and LOTROWSKA, Michel. Health care to HIV/AIDS patients in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.40, suppl., pp.70-79. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000800010.
This study was intended to assess care provided to those living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil and the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) capacity of delivering interventions to cope with the epidemic as well as to discuss the sustainability of the Brazilian initiative of providing universal free access to antiretrovirals (ARVs). Original data from a study comprising 119 respondents on the potential capacity of delivering a prospective HIV vaccine in Brazil was used. Inpatient and pharmaceutical care was based on data from the SUS Hospital Information System and Drug Logistics Management Systems of the National Program for STD/AIDS. The study results indicate good performance of the Brazilian ARV Access Program but access to treatment of opportunistic infections was, however, unsatisfactory. The rates covered by SUS for AIDS hospital admissions remained very low, on average around R$700 in 2004. Health care to HIV/AIDS patients has been considered a citizen's right strongly supported by an effective joint action of the Brazilian government and civil society. The current challenges are fine monitoring of processes and program results and ensuring sustainability of universal free ARV access.
Keywords : Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [prevention & control]; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [therapy]; AIDS-related opportunistic infections [prevention & control]; AIDS-related opportunistic infections [therapy]; Anti-HIV agents [supply & distribution]; Anti-HIV agents [economics]; HIV long-term survivors; SUS (BR); Delivery of heath care [organization & administration]; Health services administration.