Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
PAIVA, Vera; PUPO, Ligia Rivero and BARBOZA, Renato. The right to prevention and the challenges of reducing vulnerability to HIV in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2006, vol.40, suppl., pp.109-119. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102006000800015.
The study evaluates the Brazilian response to the targets established by UNGASS for the prevention of HIV/AIDS. The analysis was based on national research, documents and information from the National Program STD/AIDS and on state-level action plans and targets. Brazil relies on various prevention policies to attain the UNGASS targets proposed for 2005. These include: addressing discrimination issues, promotion of HIV testing, distribution of condoms, needle exchange programs, discussion of sexuality in schools, prevention initiatives for sex workers and homosexuals and prevention in the workplace. These have resulted in increases in testing and condom use. Various challenges are discussed, including: overcoming discontinuity in action plans (particularly with more vulnerable groups), training prevention teams, increasing monitoring of quantity and quality of preventative actions and overcoming regional, racial and gender inequalities. It is concluded that the right to prevention is not a priority for entities of social control, nor is it on the social movement agendas. This contrasts with the right to better HIV treatment. In order to increase the efficacy of these programs, it is suggested that they be understood and incorporated based on the promotion and guarantee of human rights, thereby advancing the ethical/political debate at local and national levels.
Keywords : HIV; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [prevention & control]; Sexually transmitted diseases [prevention & control]; AIDS serodiagnosis; Condoms [supply & distribution]; Human rights; Review; Brazil.