Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
MONDINI, Adriano and CHIARAVALLOTI NETO, Francisco. Socioeconomic variables and dengue transmission. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.41, n.6, pp. 923-930. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102007000600006.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between risk of occurrence of dengue and socioeconomic level. METHODS: All confirmed autochthonous cases of dengue between September 1990 and August 2002 were geocoded and grouped according to the urban census tracts of the municipality of São José do Rio Preto, Southeastern Brazil. A socioeconomic factor generated by principal component analysis was used to group census tracts into four socioeconomic levels. Incidence rates were calculated for each year and four-year period for each of the census sectors, considering the period from September of one year to August of the next. Thematic maps of sectors, grouped into each of the four socioeconomic levels and their respective disease incidences, are presented. RESULTS: Principal component analysis generated a socioeconomic factor that accounted for 87% of total variation. This factor was associated with dengue incidence only for the 1994-95 period. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of an association between risk of occurrence of dengue and socioeconomic levels in almost all years studied indicates that this issue deserves further study, and may vary depending on the settings found in each municipality. It will be important to determine the spatial relationship between dengue transmission and other variables, such as degree of immunity in the population, effectiveness of control measures, degree of infestation by the vector; and population habits and behaviors, among others.
Keywords : Dengue [epidemiology]; Risk factors; Socioeconomic factors; Geographic information systems.