Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
OLIVEIRA, Eduardo de Almeida Magalhães and ANJOS, Luiz Antonio dos. Anthropometry and cardiorespiratory fitness of military men in active duty, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.42, n.2, pp. 217-223. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102008000200005.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference according to cardiorespiratory fitness in active military men. METHODS: The study sample comprised 50,523 active military men of the Brazilian army. Anthropometric measures (body mass, height, and waist circumference) and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) information, estimated in a 12-min run, were obtained in a fitness test in 2001. RESULTS: Subjects' age ranged between 18 and 52 years, but most were young (mean + SD 25.8 + 6.6 years). Cardiorespiratory fitness varied from 22.2 to 82.5 mL.O2.kg-1.min-1. Waist circumference mean values were significantly lower in those subjects in the highest fitness level compared to those in the lowest level (p<0.001) even after adjusting for age, BMI, and both together. CONCLUSIONS: For the same BMI, military men with better cardiorespiratory fitness have significantly lower waist circumference measures compared to those with lower fitness. These findings suggest that military with better physical fitness have lower abdominal fat accumulation.
Keywords : Military Personnel; Body Mass Index; Abdominal Circumference; Physical Fitness; Health Surveys.