Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
ROZMAN, Mauro Abrahão et al. HIV infection and related risk behaviors in a community of recyclable waste collectors of Santos, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.42, n.5, pp. 838-843. Epub July 31, 2008. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102008005000042.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the seroprevalence of HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis and to describe risk behaviors associated to their transmission among recyclable waste collectors. METHODS: A seroepidemiological survey was carried out in the city of Santos, Southeastern Brazil, in 2005. A total of 315 individuals were enrolled in the survey, of which 253 subjects underwent serological testing HIV, hepatitis B and C and syphilis. Statistical analysis consisted of univariate and bivariate analyses (cross-tabulation and odds ratio) and multivariate analysis (by logistic regression), relating HIV infection with established risk behaviors and seropositivity. RESULTS: Overall seroprevalences were: HIV, 8.9%; hepatitis B, 34.4%; hepatitis C, 12.4%; and syphilis, 18.4%. Subjects were characterized by a predominance of males with low educational and economic levels, subjected to parenteral and sexual exposures to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Multivariate analysis results indicated that risk factors for both sexually and parenterally related exposure were significantly associated with HIV in this community. CONCLUSIONS: Seroprevalences found in the study were approximately 10 to 12 times higher than the national average. These communities are socially marginalized and generally not recognized by national programs as potentially endangered populations.
Keywords : Solid Waste Segregators; HIV; Hepatitis B virus; Hepacivirus; Syphilis; Risk Factors; Seroepidemiologic Studies.