Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
GARCIA, Sandra; KOYAMA, Mitti Ayako Hara and GRUPO DE ESTUDOS EM POPULACAO, SEXUALIDADE E AIDS. Stigma, discrimination and HIV/AIDS in the Brazilian context, 1998 and 2005. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.42, suppl.1, pp. 72-83. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102008000800010.
OBJECTIVE: To identify discriminatory attitudes in two moments of the Brazilian HIV/AIDS epidemic, as well as the occurrence of possible changes. METHODS: The Intention of Discrimination Index was obtained by scoring 1 for discriminatory situations or 0, when the opposite was the case. Intention of discrimination ranges were established by means of the clustering technique, and made compatible between the 1998 and 2005 surveys. Mean comparisons, chi-square test and ordered logit adjusted regression models were used to verify association between the index and socio-demographic variables. RESULTS: Between the 1998 and 2005 surveys, there was a statistically significant reduction in the proportion of people who answered "yes" to anti-HIV test's being mandatory in the following cases: admission for employment, before getting married, when joining the military service, drug users, foreigners entering the country, sex professionals, and for all the people. To have lower level of education, to be female, to live in the North/Northeast regions of Brazil, and to be aged over 45 years are factors associated with higher intention of discrimination level. CONCLUSIONS: The growth of intention of discrimination shows that information about ways of AIDS transmission and non-transmission still needs to be better planned and promoted, especially among populations that have lower level of education, live in the North/Northeast regions, are female and aged over 45 years.
Keywords : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Stigma; Prejudice; Health Knowledge [Attitudes, Practice]; Population Studies in Public Health; Brazil; Cross-sectional studies; Brazil.