Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
SCATENA, Lúcia Marina et al. Difficulties in the accessibility to health services for tuberculosis diagnoses in Brazilian municipalities. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.3, pp. 389-397. Epub Apr 10, 2009. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102009005000022.
OBJECTIVE: To assess difficulties in the accessibility to tuberculosis diagnoses in the health services in Brazil. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2007 and surveyed tuberculosis patients treated in the primary care services in the cities of Ribeirão Preto, São José do Rio Preto, Itaboraí (these three in Southeastern Brazil), Campina Grande and Feira de Santana (these two in Northeastern Brazil). The instrument "Primary Care Assessment Tool" was used, adapted to assess tuberculosis care in Brazil. Tuberculosis diagnosis in the health services was assessed by means of multiple correspondence factor analysis. RESULTS: The accessibility to the diagnosis was represented by the dimensions "locomotion to the health service" and "assistance service" in the factorial plan. The patients from Ribeirão Preto and Itaboraí were associated with more favorable conditions to the dimension "locomotion to the health service" and the patients from Campina Grande and Feira de Santana were associated with less favorable conditions. Ribeirão Preto presented more favorable conditions to the dimension "assistance service", followed by Itaboraí, Feira de Santana and Campina Grande. São José do Rio Preto presented less favorable conditions to both dimensions, "locomotion to the health service" and "assistance service", compared to the other cities. CONCLUSIONS: The factor analysis enabled the visualization of the organizational characteristics of the services that provide tuberculosis care. The decentralization of the actions to the family health program and reference centers seems not to present a satisfactory performance regarding accessibility to the tuberculosis diagnosis, as the form of services organization was not a determinant factor to guarantee the accessibility to the early diagnosis of the illness.
Keywords : Tuberculosis [diagnosis]; Health Services Accessibility; Delivery of Health Care [organization & administration]; Equity in Access; Family Health Program; Health Services Evaluation.