Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
GONZALEZ FERNANDEZ, Mariana I; OROZCO NUNEZ, Emanuel and CIFUENTES, Enrique. Policy analysis of the dengue control program in Mexico. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.44, n.6, pp. 1079-1086. Epub Oct 08, 2010. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102010005000040.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze municipal measures implemented to control the dengue epidemic, giving priority to the functions of intersectoral coordination, policy strengthening and community participation. METHODS: The observational study was performed in Morelos, Mexico in 2007. Data collected in interviews and direct observations were submitted to contents analysis and policy mapping. Policy Maker software was used to evaluate the values assigned to the stakeholders' performance (i.e., high, medium and low criteria) and to their role (actions undertaken for surveillance, control or management). A strategic analysis of opportunities and challenges regarding public policies and dengue control was conducted. RESULTS: The legal framework indicates that the approach to the dengue epidemic should be an intersectoral response. However, the burden of activities in terms of financial and human resources tends to fall on local health services, which contrasts with the contribution of other sectors (e.g., water and sanitation) that do not recognize their responsibilities. A high degree of operational feasibility links, in terms of optimization of resources and objectives fulfillment was detected, particularly among health authorities at state, jurisdictional and municipal levels. CONCLUSIONS: A multidisciplinary approach and strengthening of policy stewardship may allow a more efficient response to dengue outbreaks, sustained by intersectoral coordination and the active participation of the affected population.
Keywords : Dengue, prevention & control; Communicable Disease Control; Mosquito Control; Epidemiologic Surveillance; Consumer Participation; National Policy of Health Surveillance; Health Public Policy.