Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
MENEGHEL, Stela Nazareth and HIRAKATA, Vania Naomi. Femicides: female homicide in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.3, pp. 564-574. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011000300015.
OBJECTIVE: To assess female homicide rates due to aggression according to sociodemographic and health indicators. METHODS: Ecological study on female homicides due to aggression in Brazil between 2003 and 2007. Information on 19,459 deaths were obtained form the Brazilian Mortality Database. Standardized female homicide rates due to aggression were correlated with 28 socioeconomic, demographic and health indicators, using Pearson's correlation test. Multiple linear regression was performed including variables with p < 0.20 and excluding those with multicollinearity. RESULTS: The standardized female homicide rate due to aggression was 4.1/100,000 during the study period. After adjustment, three variables remained significantly associated with female homicides: birth rate (p = 0.072), percentage of Evangelicals (p = 0.019) and male homicides due to aggression (p < 0.001). The model had a predictive power of 69% (r2 = 0.699). The Brazilian states of Espírito Santo, Pernambuco, Mato Grosso, Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia, Alagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul, Roraima e Amapá showed the highest rates during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The female homicide rates due to aggression were high in Brazil and varied by region. The association with male homicides due to aggression stresses the importance of reducing structural violence to protect women against violence.
Keywords : Women; Homicide; Cause of Death; Violence Against Women; Socioeconomic Factors; Ecological Studies.