Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
COSTA E SILVA, Maria do Desterro da et al. Factors associated with functional loss in the elderly living in the city of Maceió, Northeastern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.6, pp. 1137-1144. Epub Oct 14, 2011. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011005000073.
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with functional loss in older adults living in the urban area. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based sample of 319 elderly individuals from the municipality of Maceió (Northeastern Brazil), in 2009. To obtain the functional impairment data the Brazilian Older Americans Resources and Services Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire was used. A descriptive analysis, the chi-square test and a regression analysis for crude prevalence ratio were used, and the significance level that was adopted was p <0.05. RESULTS: The majority of participants were females (65.8%) and the mean age was 72 years (SD = 8.83). The prevalence of moderate/severe impairment was 45.5%, and the associated factors were being 75 years old or older, having up to four years of schooling, reporting two or more chronic diseases and being single. CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics of the elderly with functional impairment reflect inequalities and potential impacts of this population segment on the health services.
Keywords : Aged; Activities of Daily Living; Personal Autonomy; Frail Elderly Socioeconomic Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies.