Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
DIAS, Alexandre Alves de Souza de Oliveira et al. Corynebacterium ulcerans diphtheria: an emerging zoonosis in Brazil and worldwide. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.45, n.6, pp. 1176-1191. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102011000600021.
The article is a literature review on the emergence of human infections caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans in many countries including Brazil. Articles in Medline/PubMed and SciELO databases published between 1926 and 2011 were reviewed, as well as articles and reports of the Brazilian Ministry of Health. It is presented a fast, cost-effective and easy to perform screening test for the presumptive diagnosis of C. ulcerans and C. diphtheriae infections in most Brazilian public and private laboratories. C. ulcerans spread in many countries and recent isolation of this pathogen in Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil, is a warning to clinicians, veterinarians, and microbiologists on the occurrence of zoonotic diphtheria and C. ulcerans dissemination in urban and rural areas of Brazil and/or Latin America.
Keywords : Corynebacterium Infections; epidemiology; Disease Reservoirs; veterinary; Zoonoses; Communicable Diseases; Emerging; Review.