Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
SILVA, Luiz Sérgio and BARRETO, Sandhi Maria. Stressful working conditions and poor self-rated health among financial services employees. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.3, pp. 407-416. Epub Mar 27, 2012. ISSN 1518-8787.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between exposure to adverse psychosocial working conditions and poor self-rated health among bank employees. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including a sample of 2,054 employees of a government bank was conducted in 2008. Self-rated health was assessed by a single question: "In general, would you say your health is (...)." Exposure to adverse psychosocial working conditions was evaluated by the effort-reward imbalance model and the demand-control model. Information on other independent variables was obtained through a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire. A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and odds ratio calculated to assess independent associations between adverse psychosocial working conditions and poor self-rated health. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of poor self-rated health was 9%, with no significant gender difference. Exposure to high demand and low control environment at work was associated with poor self-rated health. Employees with high effort-reward imbalance and overcommitment also reported poor self-rated health, with a dose-response relationship. Social support at work was inversely related to poor self-rated health, with a dose-response relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to adverse psychosocial work factors assessed based on the effort-reward imbalance model and the demand-control model is independently associated with poor self-rated health among the workers studied.
Keywords : Workload; Working Conditions; Job Satisfaction; Occupational Health; Cross-Sectional Studies; Banking work.