SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.39 issue6Social welfare and health services in the Fraylesca Region in Chiapas: The use of antenatal care services"We do what we can": Health service providers facing the service utilization problem author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634

Abstract

GARZA-AGULLAR, JAVIER DE LA  and  DIAZ-MICHEL, ENRIQUE. Elements for the study of rape. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1997, vol.39, n.6, pp.539-545. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341997000600007.

Objective. To describe some characteristics of rape in Mexico City. Material and methods. Descriptive study of rape victims who attended a specialized institution between 1990 and 1996. A support psychotherapist applied a semistructured questionnaire on the victims characteristics, the aggressor and the circumstances of the rape. Results. A total of 531 victims were studied, 85.8% were females, almost half were minors and the median of scholarity was nine years. All aggressors were males, 62% were known to the victim, 86.7% were relatives or near to the family. Aggression occurred at the home of the victim or aggressor in 55.4% of the cases, 49.2% of the cases occurred in 4 of the 16 City districts. Conclusions. In the studied population, women were the gender with greatest risk of being raped, except in the 5 to 14 year old group in which boys were in greater risk. Unemployed and underpaid men were the most frequent aggressors. There is a greater risk of being raped by a member of the family, couple or friend than by a stranger, and in the victim’s or the aggressor’s home more than anywhere else. Findings point to the necessity of establishing preventive programs and providing specialized attention to victims and aggressors.

Keywords : rape; child abuse [sexual]; Mexico.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish