Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
GARZA-AGULLAR, JAVIER DE LA and DIAZ-MICHEL, ENRIQUE. Elements for the study of rape. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1997, vol.39, n.6, pp. 539-545. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341997000600007.
Objective. To describe some characteristics of rape in Mexico City. Material and methods. Descriptive study of rape victims who attended a specialized institution between 1990 and 1996. A support psychotherapist applied a semistructured questionnaire on the victims characteristics, the aggressor and the circumstances of the rape. Results. A total of 531 victims were studied, 85.8% were females, almost half were minors and the median of scholarity was nine years. All aggressors were males, 62% were known to the victim, 86.7% were relatives or near to the family. Aggression occurred at the home of the victim or aggressor in 55.4% of the cases, 49.2% of the cases occurred in 4 of the 16 City districts. Conclusions. In the studied population, women were the gender with greatest risk of being raped, except in the 5 to 14 year old group in which boys were in greater risk. Unemployed and underpaid men were the most frequent aggressors. There is a greater risk of being raped by a member of the family, couple or friend than by a stranger, and in the victims or the aggressors home more than anywhere else. Findings point to the necessity of establishing preventive programs and providing specialized attention to victims and aggressors.
Keywords : rape; child abuse [sexual]; Mexico.